Grayson W, Evan G, Drew M, and Travis M

"History Alive!" Textbook

Conflicts and Issues:

I) George Washington: Political Parties & Foreign Affairs:

During Washington's farewell address, he said to avoid two things:
  • Political Parties
  • Foreign Affairs

  • Political Parties started around the year of 1800.
  • One party, the Federalist Party was started by Alexander Hamilton who favored a strong central government and an effective banking system.
  • Another party, the Democrat-Republican Party was started by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison who supported a small government and stressed “separation from church and state”.
  • Writers of the Constitution including George Washington did not like the idea of Political Parties because they thought that it divided us Americans instead of being a unified country
Political Parties T-Chart
  • The Vice President and President would be from the same party, they could be more productive.
  • It could make it easier for some people to vote.
  • A way for the presidents and their running mates to be categorized.
  • Some people would vote for one party every time without knowing anything about their representative.
  • There would be a lot of tension between the parties.
  • It may be hard for presidents to choose which party to identify themselves as.

Foreign Affairs T-Chart
"It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world" - George Washington

  • George Washington recommended not to get involved with other countries’ foreign affairs and to keep America as a country of isolationism
  • America currently has tons of alliances
  • It is the subject of much debate still today
  • You can rely on other countries during war.
  • You can receive supplies from them.
  • You can be updated on what is happening on their side of the world.
  • You can be forced into war.
  • Some countries will not like you.
  • You cannot make treaties with countries that are against the countries you have an alliance with.

II) John Adams: Aliens-Sedition Act:

  • The Alien-Sedition Acts were passed in the year of 1798
Aliens-Sedition Act T-Chart
  • Kept Americans safe during wartime. (Alien Enemies Act)
  • American Citizens have the right to vote and a person should know about the Government and Economy before they become a citizen. (Neutralization Act)
  • Americans would not be fooled by newspaper from false or malicious information about the country. (Sedition Act)
  • Less people from other countries would want to live in America because 14 years is a long time to wait to be a citizen. (Neutralization Act)
  • Some American Citizens from other countries that are true to America might get treated unfair during wartime. (Aliens Enemies Act)
  • Unconstitutional because not every American Citizen is being treated equally.

Provisions of Aliens-Sedition Act
  1. Naturalization Act: Requires people who moved into US to live here for 14 years before becoming a citizen.
  2. Alien Act: Allows the president to deport any alien resident who was considered “dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States”.
  3. Alien Enemies Act: Allows the president to deport or arrest resident aliens whose home country is at war with the US.
  4. Sedition Act: Makes it a crime to write false or malicious writing about the government of certain officials.
Why was it necessary at that time?
  • The US and France were soon to be at war and the residents of America whose home country was France could betray or be a threat of America.
  • During Elections of 1800, many newspapers wrote false information about the candidates.
How did this issue correlate to the Constitution and the Bill of Rights?
  • The Sedition Act is not following the First Amendment (Freedom of Speech).
  • The 14th Amendment includes the Equal Protection Clause which secures the promise that the US made about “all men are created equal”. The Alien and Alien Enemies Act is not following that because it is not treating every resident of the US equally.
Give Example of Alien- Sedition Acts-How are these acts related to today’s society?
  • The Naturalization Act required alien residents to live in the US for 14 years before becoming a citizen. Today you have to wait until you are 18 years old to become a citizen of the US. Waiting until they are 18 to become a citizen may allow people to become adults and more mature. The reason why people who moved into the US had to wait 14 years back then was because they had to learn more about the language, politics, and government.
  • The Alien Act allowed the President to deport any alien that he thought that was dangerous to the US. Now the government can deport any alien resident who actually breaks the law. Today’s rules are more fair compared to the Alien Act back then because assuming that a person is dangerous and deporting the person to another country is not as fair as having proof of a person breaking the law and then deporting him or her.

III) Thomas Jefferson: Louisiana Territory/Purchase

  • A current day issue or event that deals with strict vs. loose interpretation of the Constitution in our society is .

Louisiana Territory/Purchase T-Chart
  • The Louisiana Purchase took place in the year of 1803.
  • Jefferson justified the purchase by using the presidential authority to make treaties.
  • Jefferson purchased the territory to gain more land, gain acces to Port Orleans, and free passage on the Mississippi River.
  • Others might argue he should not have purchased this because it was possibly unconstitutional.
  • A current day issue that deals with strict versus loose interpretation of the constitution is abortion. This is because it is ending a life, which is illegal. Others think it is ok because it is not a life yet.
  • Drew's Mom Interview Pros: Resources from other countries, Alliances, Support. Cons: Forced into War, Not be able to have a treaty with a country that opposes other countries you have a treaty with.
  • If Jefferson had followed a strict Constitutional view the U.S. might not have the same amount of land it has today, This is because he would have thought that expanding the U.S. was not right.
  • Current day states that were gained in the Louisiana Territory Purchase are Arkansas,Missouri,Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska, parts of Minnesota that were west of the Mississippi River; most of North Dakota; nearly all of South Dakota; northeastern New Mexico; northern Texas; the portions of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide; and Louisiana west of the Mississippi River

  • Access to Port of New Orleans
  • Free passage on the Mississippi River
  • A lot of land for a small price (less than ¢ 3 per acre)
  • Possibly unconstitutional
  • Bad for Native Americans (but then again when wasn't it bad for them)
  • Mexico still had California and other western lands. We wanted it all.

IV) James Madison: War of 1812

  • Should Madison have declared war on Britain - War of 1812? 3 in our group say yes, 1 in our group say no.
  • There was no winner in the War of 1812
  • France's role in the War of 1812 was that they were at war with Britain at the same time, so it was easier for America to fight Britain.
  • The War of 1812 relates to Napoleon because he was the leader of France

War of 1812 T-Chart

  • America could gain more territory.
  • America could stop Britain from supplying Indians with weapons.
  • America could show other countries that they refused to be taken advantage of.
  • Britain could have taken over America.
  • America would have to fight Britain and Indians at the same time.
  • America wasn't prepared for war.

V) James Monroe: Monroe Doctrine

  • The Monroe Doctrine is America telling all of Europe to not use North or South America for colonization. It also says that we will not accept European interference in American affairs.
  • One example of how something like the Monroe Doctrine is used today is "No Fly Zones". They prohibit planes from flying over certain areas like the White House and Area 51. One growing power that wants to protect its interest in its geographical area is America. That is why we created the Monroe Doctrine.

Glog for First Five Presidents:

VI) Persuasive Essays
Grayson W.