Group members - names - 1st name only and last initials:

Jacob A, Kyle E, Alice P, Amanda B.

Conflicts and Issues:


I) George Washington: Political Parties & Foreign Affairs:

Pros of Political Parties
Cons of Political Parties
Its natural for people to organize themselves within political parties.
Uncontrolled, passionate loyalties to parties could tear the nation apart.
Political parties are sometimes good for promoting liberty in monarchy.
Governments have recognized political parties as enemies because they tend to seek more power than other parties and take revenge on political opponents.
They can help educate a person and assist those who don't otherwise have money, time, or skills to join into elections.
Parties must be restrained because they distract governments from their duties.
Eases the voters' decision by creating a group with the same basic beliefs as them.
Raises false alarms amongst people and promotes riots.
A convenient way of unifying like minds to elect officials
It takes the need of thought away from the common citizen
Pros of foreign affairs
Cons of foreign affairs
Some problems are international and must be solved with help from often nations
The US doesn't need other countries to protect itself and ends up just wasting money to defend other countries
Terrorism would not go away if Americans stopped intervening in terrorism cases and would not prevent terrorist attacks on American soil
Americans spends more money on helping other countries than they do helping themselves
Trade, which is a result of foreign affairs are a vital part of Americans' lives
If they get involved with other counties' wars they risk losing Americans lives
The US can does not have the power to do anything it wants so, they need help from other countries
The US can not look after every citizen and they're first priority should be they're own citizens
No country is an island not even island countries. for example what happens Greece doesn't stay in Greece.
Costs money that could be used at home.

Resources:
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090506083335AAKF8ZH
http://www.idebate.org/debatabase/topic_details.php?topicID=970
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Washington%27s_Farewell_Address
History alive textbook

II) John Adams: Aliens-Sedition Act:


Provision of Alien Sedition Act
Why did they feel this act was necessary?
Adams felt it would protect the county from immigrants and terrorists and wanted to make life worse for their rivals (republicans)
Conflict
How did the issue relate to the Constitution and the Bill of Rights?
It goes against the five Freedoms.
How is this connected with today’s society and current issues today?
Immigrants still have to go through a process to become citizens also, immigrants can be deported.
Explain correlation of past-present with 2 issues
For the Sedition Act it is Tea Party and Wall Street. For the Alien Act it is the immigration issues being discussed during the Presidential Election
Aliens- people who have come from other countries and are not yet citizens
Sedition- The crime of encouraging rebellion against the government
Pros
Cons
  • Act was used to protect Country
  • Made life difficult for republicans
  • Allowed President to jail or deport
  • Lengthened the time to become a citizen
  • Frightened French spies/rebels
  • Longer for immigrants to vote for us
  • Adams tried to work with Jefferson
  • Made rebellion against the government a crime

III) Thomas Jefferson: Louisiana Territory/Purchase

Pros
Cons
  • Lots of land for low price
  • Native Americans had their land taken away
  • Purchase did not include areas like modern-day California
  • Major role in expanding country
  • Money could have gone to developing the country more
  • (According to France) Land mass of U.S. rivals England's
  • Land full of only wilderness and Native Americans
  • Included 16 states
  • It wasn’t in the Constitution
  • Would make more votes for elections
  • Contradicted Jefferson’s Philosophy
http://answers.yahoo.com/
http://shs.westport.k12.ct.us/lin/U.S.%20History/Westward%20Expansion/Pros%20and%20Cons%20of%20Louisiana%20Purchase.htm
Current day issue that deals with the loose vs. strict interpretation of the Constitution.
Poltical parties (Democratic and Republican) and immigration laws
Why did Jefferson purchase the territory?
France secretly bought the territory from Spain and that closed the port off to Americans and that could lead to a war.

How did he justify the purchase?
He put aside his principals because the constitution did not list this kind of transaction and he was a firm believer going against the constitution

Why might others argue he should not have purchased the territory?
People worried that that such a large country would be impossible to govern. Politicians in the East thought that they would lose power.
How would the U.S. be different if Jefferson had followed a strict constructionist view?
There would be two countries instead of one, and the U.S. would be half its size.

Why did Jefferson purchase the territory?
France secretly bought the territory from Spain and that closed the port off to Americans and that could lead to a war.

How did he justify the purchase?
He put aside his principals because the constitution did not list this kind of transaction and he was a firm believer going against the constitution

Why might others argue he should not have purchased the territory?
People worried that that such a large country would be impossible to govern. Politicians in the East thought that they would lose power.
How would the U.S. be different if Jefferson had followed a strict constructionist view?
There would be two countries instead of one, and the U.S. would be half its size.

IV) James Madison:
  • Should Madison have declared war on Britain - War of 1812?
Yes it was a good idea to declare war on britain. One reason is that it stated that America was its own country and was not a force to be reckoned with. It also showed that they were strong enough to beat some very formidable forces
  • Organize your thinking using a T chart for the pros and cons of declaring war on Britain.(War of 1812)
  • There was no clear winner of the war of 1812 but both sides claimed victory.
  • The war affected Napoleon because he had to be taken down for the british to send reinforcements to America.
  • 2 war heroes that would become presidents are William Henry Harrison and Andrew Jackson.
  • William Harrison 32 days in office, Hampton-Sydney College and University of Pennsylvania, served March 4th 1841 to April 4th 1841, born in Virginia. Conflict: No major conflict because he had pneumonia after his inauguration speech and only lived 32 days as president.
  • Andrew Jackson: President March 4th 1829- March 4th 1837, 2 terms, born in Waxhaws, British America, No real schooling studied law in Salisbury North Carolina. Conflict: Nullification crisis.

Pros of the war of 1812
Cons of the war of 1812
Indian resistance was weakened in the north west.
It was risky with a force of only 7,000 poorly trained men and 16 ships.
Americans believed it to be the second war of independence and that they are truly a sovereign nation.
The capitol building and other government buildings were burnt to the ground.
The problems that led to the war eventually dissolved away with peace over Europe.
The resulting treaty did not directly solve the problems between america and britain.
Our national anthem was created out of the battle at Fort McHenry.
The federalist party was damaged and never recovered due to their opposition to the war.

V) James Monroe: Monroe Doctrine

Explain the Monroe Doctrine
Americans wouldn't go into in foreign affairs as long as others countries left them alone. Stated the Americas would be free independent countries, and not used for colonization by other countries.
Using information and criteria of Monroe Doctrine please identify how that would be used in our society today around the world
Countries wish to have their own protection such as no fly zone. (I.e. North Korea)
What growing power might want to protect its interests in its geographic area?
Africa and other colonized areas could use the Monroe Doctrine to secure independance from other countries.


REVIEW Q AND A

Countries that fought in War of 1812
America and Britian
After Louisiana Purchase, which states were eventually created?
Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, (parts of) Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, (Northeastern part) New Mexico, Portions of: Texas, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado

Who did we purchase the Louisiana Territory from and for how much?
The French; $15 million

Aproximately, how big is an acre
The size of a soccer field

Why did the War of 1812 start?
Native Americans were angry that white settlers were pushing them West. White settlers had ignored the treaty that was made. Britain (Northern Southern Canada) supplied the Native Americans with guns. Britain encouraged the Native Americans to atttack the U.S. Americans made a deal with France that if they stopped attacking their trade ships, Americans would stop trades with Britain. President Madison and other didn't want war. Some Southeners and some from Cingress wanted war and were called the War Hawks. They had good piont for war; seizing Canada, gaining Florida, winning the war would gain safety for settlers in the West. Later British we blocking trade ports and boarding American ships to stop trade with France. Soon, President Madison asked Congress to declare war on Britain.

What was the outcome of the War of 1812? How or what did the U.S. benefit from this war?
National pride gained in the U.S.
U.S. "truly became independant"
2 War heroes later became presidents

What was the Monroe Doctrine?
A statement that told Europeans and other colonizing countries that they can't interfere with the Americas (North and South). Meant Americas were not to be used for colonization by other countries.

Washington's views of Political Parties
Felt they would bring down the nation. Warned that compassionate and loyal party members could cause trouble in the government.
Washington's views of Foreign Affairs
He wanted to avoid problems with other counties. Preferred to be neutrual when it came to wars. Din't want to side with France or Britain, and that America should stay isolated.
What was the Alien-Sedition Act?
An act that made it longer for immigrents to become citizens, and made it possible to deport people. Meant to keep out terrorists and spies. Sedition act: could be punished if wrote things against the government.

How did the War of 1812 relate to Napoleon
President Madison made a deal with him so that the French would stop attacking American trade ship, if they stopped trading with France. 100 days after the end of the War f 1812, Napoleon was defeated by the British at Waterloo.

List one conflict that existed under Andrew Jackson's administration(while he was president)
The Trail of Tears was started by Jackson, that forced the Cherokees to move to New Indian Territory.
Jackson did not listen to others when it came to governing America
Little known fact about William Henry Harrison and his presidency.
Didn't wear a coat at his Inauguration. Caught pneumoniaand died around a month later.

Who is on the $20 bill?
Andrew Jackson

$50?
Ulysses S. Grant

$100?
Benejman Franklin

$5?
Abe Linclon

$1?
George Washington


Glog Requirements: Group
  • Photo of President
  • Years they served, along with Political party associated with
  • Summary of Conflict during their Presidency (in your own words of course)
  • Create T-Chart showing Pros and Cons of each topic under each President.

‍Persuasive Essay Requirements: Individual

  • Each person will be responsible to write a Persuasive Paper.
  • You will pick 1(one) topic that has been mentioned above
  • You will either talk about the Pros or Cons about your topic
  • Reminder,Persuasive, present one side of the issue, stay on topic.
  • This paper, one page in length, no more, typed
  • This will be posted to the Wiki, so other could respond to your paper.





Jacob Anderson
Social Studies
Mr. Braisted
War of 1812
5th hour
2/29/12
Pros of The War of 1812

The war of 1812 has done many great things for our country. It has weakened Native American resistance, stopped British torment, and many other great things. It also brought about national pride in Americans and was inspiration for our nation’s national anthem The Star-Spangled Bannner

The war of 1812 stopped the capture of American sailors and brought about the downfall of Napoleon. The British navy was capturing American sailors at random. When war was declared on Britain the Americans tried to push the British out of Canada and out of the land close to their country. Because of the resistance in France and the war of France against the Allies Britain could not send reinforcements to Canada. Then when Napoleon was taken down the British sent more troops. After many battles the Treaty of Ghent was formed and the problems died down.

Also in the war of 1812 Chief Tecumseh, who was a major Native American chief, met his death. This took place in September of 1813. Then after the Treaty of Ghent and the end of the war the Native American resistance in the west died down without the Natives having their chief. Then over time most of the natives were driven out of the Ohio Valley. They offered less resistance to the American settlers and were forced out as they expanded out west.

This also brought about an increase of national pride in Americans. It was considered “the second war of independence”. The Americans thought that because they stood their ground against the British and fought back that they were a true Independent country and no ties to British rule. It also brought about the Star Spangled Banner, which later became our national anthem. It was written in The War of 1812 during the battle at Fort McHenry while Francis Scott key was held captive. The British were “bombarding” the Fort and went on all night and Francis was surprised the American flag was still there.

The War of 1812 may have been risky but the risk was needed and the outcome was well worth the trouble. They proved to the British and the rest of the world that they were truly sovereign and a force to be reckoned with. They also cleared out space for American settlers out west.